11 The Fortress Antonia
The Fortress Antonia was named by Herod the Great in honor of his patron, Marc Antony. It served as the base of Roman authority in Jerusalem. It was strategically located on a raised rock-foundation at a high point north of the Temple. From this location, all of Jerusalem could be\ controlled. A stairway led down from the Fortress Antonia into the northwest courtyard of the Temple complex. Josephus states that there were elaborate buildings within the Fortress.

12 The Pool of Israel
The Pool of Israel was located just east of the Fortress Antonia and north of the Temple complex. All sheep to be sacrificed were washed in this pool. After the sheep were washed they would be led into the Temple for sacrifice.